A Fractal is generally “a rough or fragmented geometric shape that can be split into parts, each of which is (at least approximately) a reduced-size copy of the whole,” a property called self-similarity. The term was coined by Benoit Mandelbrot in 1975 and was derived from the Latin fractious meaning “broken” or”fractured.” (http://www.crystalinks.com/fractal.html)
Top row: Alhambra, Spain. 2nd row: Friary, Co. Cork,Ireland, The Blue Mosque, Instanbul, The Mosque at Cordoba, Spain. 3rd row. Cordoba, Spain. Bottom row, Australian beach.